Fasting FAQs

Q: During  Ramadhan one slept until sunrise and didn’t partake of the Suhoor meal, if one continues to fast is the fast valid?

A: Yes, your fasting is valid.

Q: Can one use a miswaak while fasting?

A: It is sunnah to utilise the miswaak while fasting, as long as it is natural and not fragranced.

Q: Can a diabetic patient check their sugar through their blood whilst in the state of fasting? Also can they have an insulin injection before breaking a fast?

A: It is permissible to withdraw some blood to check the sugar reading while fasting.  It is also permissible to take an insulin injection while fasting, as long as it is not taken directly into the stomach. However, you should consult a Muslim doctor on whether it is advisable for you to fast or not. (Jadeed fiqhi masail)

Q: Can a person take a blood test whilst fasting?

A: It is permissible to do so, and the fast will not break. However if a person becomes extremely weak due to the blood test, it is disliked (makruh) for him to do so while fasting. If he is not weakened by it, the detestability will fall away. In either scenario, the fast will be valid. (Hashiyah al-Tahtawi ala al-Maraqil Falah)

Q: Sometimes a little blood comes out from my nose. Will this break my fast?

A: Bleeding from the nose does not invalidate the fast.

Q: Will the applying of lipstick break the fast? Please specify which types of makeup do so.

A: Lipstick and make up do not break the fast. However, you should consider two issues:

a) Many of these products contain haraam and impure ingredients. In such a case, it will not be permissible to use such a makeup.
b) Many such products prevent water from reaching the skin. In such a case the wudhu or ghusl performed with such make up will not be valid.Nevertheless, the fast is not broken. (Ahsanul Fatawa)

Q: Does using eye drops while fasting break the fast?

A: Using eye drops in the state of fasting is permissible. It does not invalidate the fast.

Q: Is it permissible to apply surmah whilst fasting?

A: It is permissible to use surmah in Ramadhan. The particles of Surma that come out from the nose or mouth will not nullify the fast. (Hindiyyah)

Q: Is it allowed to use hair products, oil or body spray while fasting?

A: It is permissible to use halaal hair products and body spray whilst fasting.

Q: What if one mistakenly eats during the fast?

A: When a person mistakenly eats or drinks while fasting the fast is valid and should be continued. (Fatawa Rahimiyyah)

Q: What is the ruling regarding fasting for a breast feeding woman?

A: If a breastfeeding women has been advised by a doctor that fasting during Ramadhan will affect the child, the Shariah has offered her the laxity not to fast. She will have to make up for the fasts missed. However, if there is no fear of harm to the child, she should fast. (Noorul iedhaah)

Q: Will a gynaecology exam involving a vaginal ultrasound break the fast during Ramadhan?

A: The infertility testing through vaginal ultra sound does not invalidate the fast. On condition there is no insertion of any object into the private organ.

Q: What is the punishment for intentionally breaking the fast during Ramadhan?

A: Fasting in the month of Ramadhan is Fardh (compulsory) on every Muslim who is neither a lunatic nor immature (a minor). The person who does not fast in the month of Ramadhan without any valid excuse is committing a major sin.

If a person intentionally breaks the fast of Ramadhan, he will have to make qadha and give kaffarah. Kaffarah is, he will have to fast for two months (60 days) consecutively or if he is unable to fast then he will have to feed sixty poor people twice a day with a full meal. The one qadha must also be kept jointly or separately.

(Please note- kaffarah is only wajib for someone who breaks a fast of Ramadhan. If one willingly breaks a fast out of Ramadhan, then only Qadha should be kept without Kaffarah. (Bahishti Zewar)

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