Is there Qada’ for the Sunnah prayers?
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.
The performance of the Sunnah Ṣalāh is highly emphasised in Sharīʿah. The Fuqahā’ state that a person who intentionally omits the emphasised Sunnah Ṣalawāt is blameworthy and sinful. Such a person is going towards deviation by continuous omission.
As far as the two Rak`ah of Fajr are concerned, one can do Qadhā’ of them as long as:
1) One has missed the Farḍ of Fajr also.
2) The two Rakʿah Sunnah are performed after sunrise with the Qadhā’ of the Farḍ before Zawāl of the same day.
If the above two conditions are found, it is permissible to do Qadhā’ of the two Rakʿah Sunnah of Fajr before the two Farḍ Rakʿah.
The other Sunnah Salāh which Qadhā’ can be performed for is the four rak`ah Ẓuhr sunnah. If perchance somebody missed the four rak`ah Sunnah of ẓuhr before the Farḍ, he may perform it after the two Rak`ah Sunnah of Ẓuhr but within the time of Ẓuhr.
Besides the Fajr and Ẓuhr Sunan, none of the other Sunan or Nawāfil can be performed after the expiry of their designated place.
And Allah Ta’ālā Knows Best
Mufti Faraz Adam al-Mahmudi,