A Hadith highlighting the importance of paying debts; It has been reported from Muhammad bin Abdillah bin Jahsh that he said, “We were sitting in the courtyard of the Musjid where the Janazas used to be placed and Rasulullah salallāhu ῾alayhi wasallam was sitting amongst us when he suddenly lifted his gaze towards the sky staring. Thereafter, he turned his gaze and placed his hand upon his forehead stating, ‘Subhanallah, Subhanallah, what severity has descended!’ We remained silent for that day and night but we only witnessed tranquility until the morning.” Muhammad (the narrator) then stated, “Thus I asked Rasulullah salallāhu ῾alayhi wasallam, ‘What is the severity that descended?’ He salallāhu ῾alayhi wasallam said, ‘In regards to debt. By the Being in whose grasp lies the life of Muhammad salallāhu ῾alayhi wasallam, if a person is martyred in the path of Allah and then brought back to life and martyred in the path of Allah and then brought back to life and martyred again in the path of Allah and then brought back to life and he had a debt upon him, he will not enter Jannah until he repays his debt!”
Abu Hurairah radiallahu anhu narrates that Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasallam said, “Do you know who a pauper is?” The people stated, “A pauper is such a person who does not own a Dirham nor any other wealth.” He salallahu alayhi wasallam then said, “Verily the pauper of my Ummah will be one who will come on the day of Judgement will a lot of Salah and fasts and Zakah to his name. However, he swore such and such a person, slandered so and so, usurped the wealth of so and so, shed the blood of such and such person and he hit another person. Thus so and so will claim from his good deeds and the other person will also claim from his good deeds. If his good deeds come to an end before he is able to pay back all that he owes, then he will be burdened with the sins of the others which will be placed upon him and thereafter he will be hurled into the fire.”
As Muslims we believe in death, life after death and accountability in the court of Allah. One day we will die and give account of our actions to Allah. It is mentioned in a Hadith that a person’s feet will not move from the court of Allah until he answers some questions. One question will be, “How did you earn your wealth and where did you dispose of it?” This part of the Hadith also covers correctly preparing our wills and estates.