Is it permissible for the husband to take back his wife after giving her an irrevocable divorce (Talaaq-e-Ba’in)?

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Question:

If a man irrevocably divorces his wife once but takes her back without a new marriage contract then is his marriage valid ? If he subsequently after the 1st irrevocable divorce divorces her revocably(after 6 months) then is his 2nd pronouncement of divorce ineffective as they are not legally married due the no new contract after the 1st irrevocable divorce ?

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

If a man gives his wife one irrevocable divorce (Talaaq-e-Ba’in), then the marriage between the husband and wife has terminated. They cannot live together as husband and wife until they remarry through the mutual consent of one another. It is not permissible for the husband to merely take back his wife without remarrying her.

However, if a man has given his wife a revocable divorce after an irrevocable divorce, it will be valid as long as she is in her Iddah. If the revocable divorce was given after the expiry of her Iddah (waiting period), then it will not be valid. The Iddah of a pregnant woman is until she gives birth. The Iddah of a non-pregnant woman is three menses.[1]

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 



[1] والصريح يلحق بالبائن ما دامت في العدة عندنا؛ لأن بعد الإبانة محلية الطلاق باقية ما دامت العدة باقية؛ لأن محلية الطلاق بقيام العقد وبعد الإبانة العقد باق ما بقيت العدة بدليل بقاء الأثر المختص به وهو المنع عن الخروج والتزين والتزوج بزوج آخر (المحيط البرهاني في الفقه النعماني، ج3ص272، دار الكتب العلمية)

(قَوْلُهُ: وَالصَّرِيحُ يَلْحَقُ الصَّرِيحَ، وَالْبَائِنَ) فَلَوْ قَالَ لَهَا: أَنْت طَالِقٌ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَنْت طَالِقٌ أَوْ طَلَّقَهَا عَلَى مَالِ وَقَعَ الثَّانِي وَكَذَا لَوْ قَالَ لَهَا: أَنْت بَائِنٌ أَوْ خَالَعَهَا عَلَى مَالٍ ثُمَّ قَالَ لَهَا: أَنْت طَالِقٌ أَوْ هَذِهِ طَالِقٌ كَمَا فِي الْبَزَّازِيَّةِ (البحر الرائق شرح كنز الدقائق، ج3ص330، دار الكتاب الإسلامي)

وَعِدَّةُ الْحَامِلِ أَنْ تَضَعَ حَمْلَهَا (الفتاوى الهندية، ج1ص528، دار الفكر)

فَأَمَّا عِدَّةُ الْأَقْرَاءِ فَإِنْ كَانَتْ الْمَرْأَةُ حُرَّةً فَعِدَّتُهَا ثَلَاثَةُ قُرُوءٍ لِقَوْلِهِ تَعَالَى (وَالْمُطَلَّقَاتُ يَتَرَبَّصْنَ بِأَنْفُسِهِنَّ ثَلاثَةَ قُرُوءٍ) (البقرة: 228) (بدائع الصنائع في ترتيب الشرائع، ج3ص193، دار الكتب العلمية)

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